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How Automobiles Work

– [Narrator] From a 1923 Audi Jaray to a 1953 Fiat Boat Car here are 20 vintage vehicles
so crazy they’re cool. Rolling into the number 20 spot we have been 1956 Jawa Motorex 350 cc. The Motorex was a Czechoslovakian vehicle nicknamed the Jawaobile. Unfortunately it was Jawa’s last car. With its front end entrance
very similar to a BMW 600 this car didn’t seem to be very feasible. Four prototypes were made
but only one survived. At number 19 we have the
1942 L’oeuf Electrique. It’s not tough to see how
this little electric car earned its name. L’oeuf Electrique,
literally, the electric egg was built by French artist, designer, and engineer Paul Arzens
in 1942 for personal use. With a 60 mile range
and a 37 mph top speed, the egg was the ultimate urban vehicle years before the first
electric Smart Fortwo took to the streets. Enormous for a small car, the egg consisted of a bulbous
aluminum and Plexiglas body that enclosed a minimalist
two-person interior. It also had full Plexiglas doors for excellent forward inside visibility with a small oval portal
for a rear window. Number 18, the 1948 Panhard Dynavia. The Dynavia, a concept automobile built by Panhard in 1948 was
an experiment in aerodynamics. The aviation styling of the
Dynavia’s droplet bodywork made waves when the
prototype was presented by Panhard at the 1948 Paris Motor Show. The headlights were replaced at the front with a powerful central spotlight used as a full beam light and fog light. The incredible aerodynamic body shape with better properties even than today’s carefully profiled cars,
allowed for a fuel consumption that topped out at 80.7 mpg. Number 17, the 1955 Fascination car. This brainchild of Paul M Lewis of the Highway Aircraft Corporation was propeller driven, and
had one wheel in the front. During a demonstration
of Bandimere Speedway a prop failed, resulting in lawsuits. The prototype was redesigned,
eliminating the propeller and installing a pancake
type VW power plant. Another improvement was the addition of a second small wheel in the front to give the vehicle more stability. Number 16, the 1937 Mormon Meteor III. The Meteor was built by Ab Jenkins, his son Marv and a family friend in 1937. It had many unique features
such as an offset body to help the car turn on the track. In 1939 Jenkins drove the
car an average of 171 mph and broke all of the 12 hour
endurance records at the time. The Meteor then set a 24
hour record of 161.18 mph in 1940 that would not
be broken until 1990. Number 15, the 1932 Talbot
1465 Boat Tail Tourer. Here’s a rare slice of history. Built almost 100 years ago we have the very unique 1932 Talbot
1465 Boat Tail Tourer. Hailing as a saloon car from
the Clément-Talbot factory in West London, the car
was given its unique all mahogany body work in 1969. The 3″ x 1/4″ planks were
originally sourced from Honduras and make up the entire shell of the car, including the doors,
hood, and tail section, and as you might’ve
guessed by looking at it, the bodywork was completely done by hand. Number 14, the 1962 Invader GT. This car is a time capsule
from back when people had a wide choice among
not only mass-produced cars but also among a galaxy of small producers of fiberglass cars. The car is mostly based
on the VW Beetle platform. It has a VW engine, red
shag carpet interior and plexi headlight covers, which are almost impossible
to find on these cars. In addition it has removable
plexi gold wing doors that allow you to drive
with the wind in your face. Number 13, the custom
RV 1941 Western Flyer. We’ve seen some crazy
campers over the years but this thing may take the cake. It started life as two halves
of a 1941 Western Flyer Van, but was retro modded into
the awesome RV seen here. It has won awards and
features many upgrades that make it very usable today. It’s not a barn find but
it’s definitely an oddity that’s worth a look. Number 12, a 1923 Audi Jaray. The Ugly Duckling. This vehicle is designed by Paul Jaray, a Hungarian engineer not only worked on the aerodynamics of
airships but also strived to bring the streamlined efficiency to the car industry of the 1930s. Jaray even went so far as to file a patent for a streamlined styled auto body. After setting up a design
studio and coach building works he created designs for
Chrysler, Mercedes, Ford, and Maybach in addition to Audi. Unfortunately, it was
way too ahead of its time in the styling stakes and
it didn’t make production. Number 11, the Rocketumbler,
a Nardi-Giannini 750 Bisiluro. The remarkable looking
Bisiluro was created in 1955 by Carlo Molino and in Enrico Nardi. Their goal was to create an
ultralight aerodynamic car to compete at Lemans
alongside the much larger and far better funded factory
teams like Jaguar and Ferrari. From a pure design perspective
the Bisiluro is an anomaly. It’s asymmetrical, has no passenger seat, and has the engine mounted
on the left-hand side to counter the weight of the
driver seated on the right. Totally weight of the car
is just under 1,000 pounds, and its twin cam four-cylinder
730 cc Giannini engine was said to produce 62 hp. Number 10 is the ZIL 112S. One of the most successful
Soviet racing cars, the ZIL 112S appeared in 1962. As with most Soviet sports cars, the 112S used parts from
production Soviet cars. For example, the front
suspension was taken from a GAZ 21 Volga. The engines were developed
from the stock ZIS 110. Of the two cars built,
one had a 6 L V-8 engine providing 230 hp and the other had a 6.95 L V-8 capable 270 hp. Driving the 230 hp car
Victor Galkin came in third in 1963 Soviet championship and in 1965 the 270 hp 112S won the championship with Giannetti Zarkov at the wheel. Number nine, the 1947
Morgan F-Super Maintenance. Morgan motor company conceived the idea of building a three wheel vehicle in 1910. These three-wheeled cycle
cars were classified as motorcycles and were therefore exempt from the tax applied to cars in Britain. Morgan’s three-wheelers evolved
from a V twin single seater to a four powered two-seater
by the early 1930s. This beautiful F-Super three-wheeler is an amazing example of
the later Morgan cycle car and is one of only 55
built after World War II. Morgan three-wheelers were
often campaigned in racing and had considerable success. The design of these
vehicles was very simple and followed the formula
of being lightweight and reliable to win. Number eight, the Tucker 48. The Tucker is an automobile
conceived by Preston Tucker and briefly produced in Chicago in 1948. Commonly referred to
as the Tucker Torpedo, the vehicle had a flat six
334.1 cubic inch rear engine, rear wheel drive, fuel
injection, disc brakes, and four-wheel independent suspension. Tucker was ahead of his time
in regard to safety innovations which made each unit differ
slightly due to variations in design as work progressed. Unfortunately, only 51 cars were made before the company ceased
operations in 1949. Number seven, a 1948 Tasco prototype. Blending airplanes and
cars is nothing new. It’s been done since the
first airplane came out. The Tasco, a one-off vehicle
designed by Gordon Buehrig is one man’s vision of a plane-like car. Advertised as an American sports car, this T-topped roofed cabin is entirely surrounded with fiberglass. This is a Durham body prototype for a post World War
II American sports car and featured airplane inspired controls. It was also the first car in
the world with a T-top roof. Buehrig patented the idea and sued GM when they used it on the 1968 Corvette. Sadly, he received very
little for his patent. Number six, the 1938 Phantom Corsair. The Phantom Corsair,
known as the Flying Wombat is an automobile prototype from 1938. It is a six passenger
coupe that was designed by Rust Heinz, a member
of the HJ Heinz family, and Maurice Schwartz, of
Pasadena California based Bowman & Schwartz coachbuilding company. The design was a departure
from contemporary car design and it did away with many
features common at the time. Just the name is
brilliant, Phantom Corsair. It could be a superhero,
a spy, or a pirate, but it befits such a
unique machine perfectly. If it were a modern car,
people would perhaps laugh at its campyness, but in the 1930s it must’ve sounded absolutely magnificent. Number five, the Framo Stromer FP400. Frankenberger Motowerkes came out with this tiny passenger car. It was a tax and license
free streamlined saloon car. With this three-wheeler coupe, Frankenberger hoped to anticipate it’s yet to be developed KDF car. Unfortunately its
construction was too sumptuous and the economic recovery left no space for this kind of thrifty car. Therefore, the enterprise
returned to fabrication of a small utility vehicles. The Stromer was front-wheel-drive with the power plant mounted in the front and a two-door coupe body shell. The .4 L engine is a naturally aspirated two-stroke, two-cylinder. A three speed manual
transmission supplies the power to the driven wheels with a
claimed top speed of 50 mph. Number four, the 1962
Covington Tiburon Shark. This vehicle was built by St. Petersburg, Florida
native Henry Covington. The shark was a rolling test bed of the aerodynamic
theories Augustus Raspet of Mississippi State University, and featured such advances
as a full belly pan under its streamlined fiberglass body. Powered by only a tiny 19 hp Renault four CV overhead valve motor, the shark-like two passenger car has attained speeds of 78 miles an hour. Henry later put in a larger 45 hp motor from a Renault Dauphine, and topped the shark out
at 122 miles an hour. Number three, the 1958 Ford Nucleon. Despite looking like a
futuristic muscle pickup with a superhero name the Ford Nucleon never made it to a full-size concept. A model of the Nucleon was
built by four designers in 1958 during the height of the atomic car craze. The nucleon would’ve been
powered by a small reactor in the rear similar in design to how nuclear submarines work, employing the what is
basically a smaller version of a full-size nuclear reactor. Designers predicted that the Nucleon could travel 5000 miles before refueling. Number two, the Aurel Persu. Aurel Persu is regarded by
some as the body builder of the first aerodynamic
shaped vehicle in history. Persu himself called it in
aerodynamically shaped automobile with the wheels mounted
inside the aerodynamic body. The Aurel was among the first vehicles to have the wheels partially
covered by the body of the car. It managed to achieve
speeds of up to 50 mph. The lack of a differential
made the car an ideal one when came to turning at high speeds, allowing for the operation
to be done at up to 37 mph. Number one, Fiat 1100 Boat Car. The Fiat 1100 Boat Car is not
a true amphibious vehicle. It is better described as
a dreamlike boat on wheels. It was never meant to
sail across the seas, but to symbolize adventure
with extravagance and humor. The Boat Car, equipped with teak flooring, port holes, and a life ring, was made by Carrozzeria Coriasco in Turin for the Scarani Nautical
School in Bologna. Thanks to Coriasco we
we now have a boat car to sail across the endless
oceans of our imagination.

100 thoughts on “20 Classic Vehicles that Defined an Era including a 1953 Boat Car

  1. I'm surprised you did not note that the 1938 Phantom Corsair was the base used for the Batmobile in comic books of the time so in fantasy it was a secret hero's car.

    The other car ie the 1959 Ford nuclear did not make it to production for 3 reasons.

    1) it mostly made of magnesium and titanium that at the time alone would have a sell cost of $175,000.oo

    2) The nuclear pellets were about the size of a baby aspirin and 6 were sealed in the power disk that cost $375,000.oo but one would not need to get them changed out for a calculated 18,750,000 miles.

    3) And the kewl thing was when you parked to go to work or home or shopping you would plug in your car to keep the electrical power grid on.

    So you had a car that was almost impossible to destroy unless you were in a very violent wreck. If it did happen the Nuke disk was way hard to even crack never mind bust apart so no free radical nuke fuel bouncing around. However, it would cause panic if it did get built & was in a fender bender.

    You would and could drive almost forever. At that time it was calculated for 750 years of what was one's normal miles per year that included going to grand mom's for Christmas or a vacation to Florida, California, Yellow Stone, The Black Hills or other.

    The oil and gas companies would be flat out broke in about 5 to 7 years for your total use per 2 or 3 years was 3 quarts of turbine synthetic oil ( that right now cost $5.95 per bottle ) and 5 quarts of a thicker antifreeze coolant that was also synthetic ( even now cost $9.95 per gallon ) every 2 to 3 years but no gas or oil was used. Right now and ever since th turbo pack is on so many cars and/or the use of Wankel rotary engine in Mazda cars or Suzuki motorcycles we have used synthetic oils since 1973 in some cars & motorcycles. However, we have been using synthetic oils and hydraulic oil in jet aircraft since 1950.

    SYNTHETIC is made from plant oils

    The good part was free electrical power and no more smog.

    The part that get's me is who griped the most about it, it was none other than California …

  2. #16 is my personal favorite considering I was able to handle to exhaust 'stacks' while being HPC coated. Having also been blessed to meet the Jenkins on multille occasions. So yeah…Im pretty biased. If you want more info on the Mormon Meteor- it has been featured on Jay Lenos garage, as well as housed at the Prices Museum of Speed also in Salt Lake City.

  3. These cars really show how ugly cars are today and will be in the future… I mean, look at the Google car, it's the ugliest thing I have ever seen, it's revolting.

  4. pan-ard….nothing close to spelling, it is English…. I know! it got me too! way more embarrassing cause it was in class. teacher was a dick…. you know what? say it how you want, fuck that guy!!

  5. COCO
    I have to do it
    You are going to be a little z
    You are going to of to d
    You aregoing to the public
    You are going to 😎📱

  6. So much commentaries about how you pronounce French words, trying to correct you by telling you ways to say it that aren't better that you do… Someone even put an "r" in the phonetic of "l'oeuf" 😀 😀 😀 As a French, there's three solutions here: continue to pronounce it as you want, do a quick search using translators wich give you the good phonetic, or ask to some French people; sure I'm not the only one to watch your videos 😉 I know this video is months old, but I had to say it. Other than that, cool stuff dude, you have a sub (and as I said, I'm French, so my english could be a bit clumsy; sorry about that 🙂 )

  7. Tucker Torpedo: Unfortunately only 48 made? Thats a recipe for accidents…. Rear engine, rearwheel drive, high dryweight and poor traction. A very bad driving experience.

  8. super interessante, adorei ver tantos carros diferentes, parabéns pelo vídeo, agora estou inscrito no canal 👍👍

  9. How did we ever think it was a good idea to let normal people purchase and operate their own personal nuclear reactors? With as often as people manage to blow up the engines in NORMAL cars, image Bubba getting his hands on a nuclear power plant and trying to crank that baby into overdrive.

  10. check out the 1914 peugeot 153a colonial alpine with a all aluminum body, somewhere on the internet…….

  11. 5: 55 fantatic!
    I bet there's no Russian who knows about this car!
    I myself got to know about it just here and now….


  13. My favorite design would be the Tucker torpedo no 8. Great design! Second number 17 also a beauty. Don't care much for the tech specifications, I just look at what's a pleasure for the eyes!

  14. I just love these creative vehicles. Wish I had a few to actually drive around. Love the streamlining. Hard to pick a favorite, but the Boat car looks fun, and several of the most streamline ones are great sculpture, and of course the Tucker is superb. There are Tuckers on display at the AACA Museum in Hershey PA. A great museum to visit. I wonder if any of the others were ever on display there.

  15. Me encantan parecen sacados de un cómic… Para mi el mejor el phantom corsair y el tucker me fascinan. Una pena que no se hicieran en masa

  16. Unique and interesting maybe, nut these cars are so displeasing to the eye none of them "define cool". You sir are sadly deficient in aesthetics

  17. the first saab model is a experiment of a cut airoplane wing thereof the model of the car ,,..:-) at first Saab mobile is a product of cut aerodynamic shape ok, The company was founded in 1937 at the request of the Swedish government of Bofors together with AB Ars (subsidiary of the Electrolux Group) as Svenska Aeroplan AB with head office in Trollhättan. [6] The company was created to secure the manufacture of Swedish fighter aircraft. Among the founders were Marcus Wallenberg, Axel Wenner-Gren and Sven Wingquist. [7] In 1939, the competitor ASJA was bought up and the head office moved to Linköping. After the Second World War, large defense orders followed from the Swedish Air Force, which strongly equipped during the Cold War. Saab produced several classic fighter aircraft such as Saab 29 Tunnan (premiere flight 1948), Saab 32 Lansen and Saab 35 Draken (premiere flight 1955). The barrel excelled by setting two world records in 1954 and 1955. It also sold plans to a lesser extent abroad, including to Austria and Finland. Investments in civil aviation with Saab 340 and Saab 2000 followed in the 1980s.
    The company changed its name to Saab AB in 1965 and was merged with Scania-Vabis AB to Saab-Scania AB in 1969. The merger included driving the Wallenberg sphere with ownership interests in both companies. In 1968, Saab bought up the Malmö Aviation Industry (MFI). In 1990, Saab-Scania split and the aircraft and vehicle manufacturing were separated. The car production was sold to General Motors, which subsequently took the entire majority of the shares in the newly formed company Saab Automobile AB. Scania again became an independent company. What remained of the Saab Group was Saab AB, which was re-formed in 1998. In 1995, a collaboration was initiated with the then British Aerospace, the current BAE Systems genome through the creation of Saab-BAE Gripen AB. The goal was to get Gripen on the international market. In 2001, the collaboration was expanded through the creation of Gripen International. BAE Systems purchased 35% of Saab AB in 1998, reduced ownership to 20.5% in 2005, 8.8% in 2010, and 0% in 2011 [8]

    One major change was the merger between Saab and Celsius (including former Bofors) in 2000, when Swedish aerospace, robot and avionics production was assembled within Saab. Bofors artillery operations, including intelligent ammunition, were transferred to BAE Systems, while the remaining parts of Bofors correspond to Saab Bofors Dynamics. [9]

    Saab has since December 2005 been a partner in the project Dassault nEUROn. In 2006, Saab acquired Ericsson Microwave Systems and its radar and sensor operations, including the Erieye radar system. From January 1, 2010, Saab AB has a new organization and is divided into six business areas: [10]

    Since 2012, Saab is also a co-owner of the car manufacturer Saab's car museum.

    In September 2013, the media reported that Boeing and Saab would start a collaboration around Gripen. A collaboration aimed at offering an aircraft in the US TX program. A program based on the US Air Force commissioned with the replacement of the Northrop T-38 Talon school airplane. Boeing has previously indicated that they would be offering a completely new aircraft. But both Boeing and Saab believe that they can offer a cheaper and brand new aircraft, in comparison with the competitors Italian Alenia with US partner Dynamics, British BAE Systems and Northrop Grumman and Korean KAI and Lockheed Martin with the KAI T-50 Golden Eagle aircraft. [11]. In early December 2013, both Saab and Boeing confirmed the collaboration, which aims to develop a new school aircraft and offer 350 aircraft with associated systems and logistics. The school airplane will be completely new and not a simplified version of the Saab 39 Gripen. [12] [13]

    On Sunday, June 29, 2014, Saab announced that the company was planning to buy Thyssen Krupp Marine Systems AB, which was previously known as Kockums. The deal, which is valued at SEK 340 million, must, however, receive internal approvals within TKMS and from the Swedish Competition Authority. An answer is expected in July 2014. [14] On July 22, 2014, Saab announced that it had completed the acquisition of Thyssen Krupp Marine Systems. The company will be part of Saab's business area Security and Defense Solutions and will be named Saab Kockums. [15]

    In June 2016, it became known that Saab AB and the Civil Aviation Administration (LFV) are investing in the development of digital air traffic control and together the company Saab Digital Air Traffic Solutions starts. Saab is the majority shareholder in the company with 59 percent of the shares. [16]


  18. The title of this video should have been… 20 VINTAGE VEHICLE DESIGNS That Define Homer Simpson-ish Ideas as they all remind me of something Homer Simpson would've designed.

  19. if the 1948 Panhard Panavia had such good fuel consumption, why the hell aren't we using it today? my brother has a prius and gets 40 mpg, and once gloated to me about how my truck only got half of his mileage (not that I have much of an option as to which car I drive), yet 80 mpg? As much as I drive I could go a month without filling my tank.

  20. I used to roll around in a 1967 Pontiac Catalina with a 400 ci engine. My friends called it a tuna boat. They obviously hadn't seen this video….

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